Case Studies

The Measures Registry User Guides include several examples or case studies for each of the four domains.  These case studies are listed in the table below. For ease of use, we have grouped the project designs for the case studies into three categories—intervention, epidemiology, and surveillance. However, these types of projects can be characterized in other ways, as well, as detailed in the framework for individual physical activity.

The user guide authors described various approaches in their case studies. For consistency across the four domains, we applied three major steps to these approaches—background, considerations, and measure selection.

Readers will note that the case studies differ in one important aspect. The food environment and physical activity environment user guides mention specific measures that were considered and then selected to meet the needs of the specific projects described in the case studies. In contrast, the case studies for the individual diet and individual physical activity domains describe measures in a more generic way.

Individual Diet

Intervention

Epidemiologic

Surveillance

Examining influences on diet among population subgroups

X

Examining diet quality and markers of disease

X

Examining implications of modifications to foods offered for sale in vending machines within an institution

X

Assessing the effects of a home-based obesity prevention program on pre-school children’s dietary behaviors

X

Assessing differences in diet quality among subgroups with different rates of obesity

X

Evaluating the effects of calorie-labeling within a given institution (or more broadly) on energy intake

X

Assessing children’s food preferences in relation to advertising

X

Assessing the impact of a body image-based program on adolescents’ dietary behaviors and intakes

X


Food Environment

Intervention

Epidemiologic

Surveillance

Evaluating a school-based intervention on its ability to positively influence the school food environment

X

Evaluating a family-based intervention on its ability to reduce BMI-z scores in children with obesity

X

Improving healthy eating behaviors in independent neighborhood restaurants

X

Implementing a farmers’ market-based obesity treatment program to change purchase and eating behaviors for women and children enrolled in WIC/SNAP programs

X


Individual Physical Activity

Intervention

Epidemiologic

Surveillance

Examining the independent and joint associations of physical activity and sedentary behavior on body mass index among middle and high school students

X

Determining compliance with physical activity recommendations across different grade levels

X

Identifying predisposing factors for active commuting in elementary school children who live in urban and suburban settings

X

Testing the potential of a new recess-based physical activity program designed to increase the time children spend in MVPA during recess

X


Physical Activity Environment

Intervention

Epidemiologic

Surveillance

Improving streetscapes and parks around schools

X

Investigating how multiple key environments explain children’s physical activity

X

Evaluating changes resulting from streetscape neighborhood renovation projects

X